どうして (doushite) Meaning Japanese [JLPT N4]

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どうして (doushite) Meaning Japanese [JLPT N4]

The expression どうして (dō shite) means how?, in what way?, why? and what?.

どうして is used in questions to ask for clarification or information about a certain situation. どうして is one of the translations of the word why in Japanese.

In this post we learn more about the meaning of どうして, how it is formed, and when どうして is used through real example sentences.


How どうして is formed

This is an expression composed of:

どうして+Verb
Synonym for どうして is どうやって with the verb やる, which like する means to do

How and when to use どうして

どうして is used to ask for the reasons, the motivations referred to an action, a fact, a situation.

どうして()なかったの?

Why didn't you come?

どうして(いえ)()(けつ)(しん)をしたのですか。

Why did you decide to leave home?

It is also used to ask the way, the manner in which an action is performed.

どうして(かれ)()るようになったのですか。

How did you know him?

Can express doubts and perplexities on causes and related to a fact.

どうしてそんなにのろいのか。

Why are they so slow?

I wonder (annoyed) why they are so slow.

In situations where there is strong resistance and rejection towards something.

これがどうして(だま)っていられよう!

How can I keep quiet about this!

どうして also emphasizes a feeling or emotion towards a situation or circumstance.

どうして、(たい)(そう)(ひと)()でした。

There was a great turnout.

どうしても - Absolutely, anyway

どうして combined with particle も forms an adverb widely used in the language and means at any cost, by any means, in any way.

(かれ)はどうしてもその(だい)(がく)(はい)りたいと(おも)っている。

He wants to enter that university at any cost.

Another meaning of どうしても is despite everything, in no way and is used with verbs in negative form.

どうしても()つからなかった。

I just couldn't find it.

In spite of all my efforts, despite having searched for it so much, I did not find it.

More examples with どうして

どうして(りゅう)(がく)しようと(おも)ったんですか。

Why did you decide to study abroad?

どうしていつも(おく)れて()るのよ?

Why are you always late?

(かの)(じょ)がどうして(ぼく)()()したのか()からない。

I don't understand why she ignored me.

「どうしてそれを(おし)えてくれなかったの?」

Why didn't you tell me?

The verb in this sentence is (おし)える which means to teach, to instruct. Among its various meanings there is also the one of to say ,to refer, to inform.

A common word in sentences containing どうして is ()(もん): doubt, uncertainty, questioning.

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