定 (Define) - Meaning and history | Japanese Kanji

Author GokuGoku for article '定 (Define) - Meaning and history | Japanese Kanji'

GokuGoku

3 min reading time

JLPT N38 strokes
definedetermineestablishdecide

Kun readings 🇯🇵

さだ.めるさだ.まるさだ.か

On readings 🇨🇳

ていじょう
定 (Define) - Meaning and history | Japanese Kanji

The kanji 定 means define, determine, establish, decide.

The kanji 定 is used in many words to define a decision, role, outcome, hypothesis, or plan.

In this post we learn more about the meaning of 定, its origin, and how it is used through real example sentences.


Origin of the kanji 定

The kanji 定 originates from and is composed of the following kanji:

  • 止: kanji which means to stop
  • 龰: radical which also derives from the kanji 止
  • 宀: radical of the roof
  • 一: kanji of number 1

What does kanji mean 定

The kanji 定 is related to the concept of decision and planning.

The kanji is in fact present in many words that indicate an action plan, a decision taken, or an assigned role.

Among the most common words are:

  • ()(てい): plan, program
  • ()(てい): negation
  • (こう)(てい): affirmation, affirmative
  • (そう)(てい): hypothesis

Kanji readings 定

Let's now see the various On and Kun readings that the kanji 定 assumes.

Kun readings of the kanji 定 🇯🇵

さだ

The only Kun reading of the kanji 定 is さだ. This reading is used when the kanji indicates the concept of deciding and decision. Some terms that use the さだ reading are:

  • (さだ)める: decide
  • (さだ)か: definite, sure
The term (さだ)める for the verb to decide is not very common. There are more used terms such as ()める

On readings of the kanji 定 🇨🇳

てい

てい is the most common pronunciation for the kanji 定. As we have seen, this pronunciation is used in words that contain the kanji 定 such as:

  • (けっ)(てい): decision, determination
  • (はん)(てい): verdict, judgment
  • ()(てい): revision, assessment

じょう

じょう is another, less common reading of the kanji 定. It is used in words like:

  • (いち)(じょう): fixed, constant
  • (かん)(じょう): computation, count

Examples of the kanji 定

そのように
(さだ)
められている。

It was decided this way.

まるで
(さい)
(しょ)
からそう
(さだ)
められていたみたいだった。

It seemed like it was completely decided this way from the start.

(まえ)
(わたし)
()
うことを
()
(てい)
するのか?

Are you denying what I said?

(こう)
(てい)
しても
()
(てい)
しても
(ころ)
される。

Whether I approve or deny I will be killed .

Learn something new Every Week 🇯🇵

Every week new ideas and explanations about the Japanese Language, sent directly to your inbox 📧

More Kanji you may be interested in 🈷️