端 (Boundary) - Meaning and history | Japanese Kanji

Author GokuGoku for article '端 (Boundary) - Meaning and history | Japanese Kanji'

GokuGoku

4 min reading time

JLPT N114 strokes
boundarylimitendextreme

Kun readings 🇯🇵

はしはた-ばたはな

On readings 🇨🇳

たん
端 (Boundary) - Meaning and history | Japanese Kanji

The kanji 端 means boundary, limit, end, extreme.

The terms that contain 端 indicate a limit, something that does not go beyond the space or time indicated, at the same instant or moment and not beyond.

In this post we learn in detail the meaning of 端, its origin, and how it is used through real example sentences.


Origin of the kanji 端

The kanji 端 is quite elaborate. 端 in fact it derives 2 kanji that are also made from other kanji:

  • 立: kanji meaning stand, to stand up
  • 耑: kanji meaning specialized, composed in turn of the kanji 山 (mountain) and 而

The kanji 立, 山 and 而 are then in turn formed by various basic radicals.

What does kanji mean 端

The kanji 端 indicates a limit, boundary, or extreme. The kanji is used alone as (はし), which means end. When instead 端 is used in combination with other kanji it adds the idea of ​​limit, something that does not go beyond the point or moment indicated, boundary, extreme.

途端に - in the same instant

A common expression is ()(たん)に. ()(たん)に indicates something that happens the instant another event happened.

Literally ()(たん)に is translated as in the instant in which.... ()(たん)に is part of the JLPT N3.

ヤツの()()いに()った()(たん)(いと)がばらけた。

The instant he walked into that guy's proximity the thread broke.

端から端まで - from one extreme to the other

The expression (はし)から(はし)まで means from one extreme to the other. We can break down the expression to understand its meaning:

  • (はし): term that alone indicates boundary, limit, end
  • から: particle indicating the origin, starting from
  • まで: particle indicating the final point, up to
(きみ)(ひと)()でこの()(しゃ)(はし)から(はし)まで…

You alone, from one end of this train to the other...

Kanji readings 端

Let's now see the various On and Kun readings that the kanji 端 assumes.

Kun readings of the kanji 端 🇯🇵

はし

はし is the reading of the kanji when you find it alone (はし). This word means end, for example the end of a street.

はな

はな is an alternative reading to はし: (はな), with the same meaning of end.

On readings of the kanji 端 🇨🇳

たん

たん is the most common and standard reading of kanji 端 when used in combination with other kanji. As mentioned, the kanji 端 adds the idea of ​​boundary, limit, or extreme to the kanji with which it is associated.

Some words that use the kanji 端 reading たん are:

  • ()(たん): in the same instant
  • (きょく)(たん): extreme
  • ()(たん): heresy

Examples of the kanji 端

このレポート、(ちゅう)()(はん)()だな。

This report is incomplete.

(まえ)にも(もん)(だい)(いっ)(たん)はあるんだ。

You are also part of the problem.

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