金 - Meaning and history | Japanese Kanji
Kun readings 🇯🇵
On readings 🇨🇳
One of the interpretations of the origin of the kanji 金 lies in its individual components:
- 土: the
- 八 the
number 8which represented the metal
The image and the idea are that of an element extracted from the earth, therefore metal. The
pronunciation instead seems to come from the part of the kanji 今 which is read as kin.
Metal, in particular
gold, is the element to which the day of
Friday 金曜日 is dedicated and we can deduce that the planet connected to the kanji is
The generic term we use for
metal is 金属.
金属の種類, types of metals
We find 金 as radical, a
kanji keyword, in many other ideograms, such as those indicating
- 貴金属 are the
- 白金 is the
platinumwhich is often translated using a foreign language loan プラチナ
- 銀 the
silveralso translated シルバー from English silver
- 銅 the
copperbecomes in katakana コッパ- from the English copper
- 鉛 is the
- 真鍮 is the
brass; it is often used ブラス from the English brass
真鍮 brass is an alloy 合金, formed by 銅 copper and 亜鉛 zinc
The three medals awarded to the winners in the various Olympic disciplines are:
- 金 メダル
- 銀 メダル
- 銅 メダル
bronze medalwhich actually appears in the Japanese language as
copper medal, as often the two metals are represented by the same kanji 銅
Money instead are お金 (
rich people are お金持ち literally having money.
- 現金, also called キャッシュ is
- 銀行送金 is the
direct remittancefor which we also use the term 銀行の振込
- 金額 indicates the
- 入金 literally inward of money, is the
I paid 50,000 yen into the bank.
- 金融 the
- 金融危機 the
金貨 is the gold coin
Do you know the
We speak of the 黄金比
golden ratio often referred to as the
golden number, the divine proportion or golden ratio, represented by the symbol ϕ and is approximately equal to 1.618.
- 黄金分割 the golden section
- 黄金比 the golden ratio
- 黄金数 the golden number
黄金 is therefore the adjective
golden and the first kanji indicates the
金 also takes on the function of classifier or counter, that is a numeric suffix to count the karats of a precious metal.
- 18 金ブレスレット is an
18 karat bracelet
- 24 金リング instead is a
24 karats ring
- 金具 indicates all the
metal partsof bags, various accessories and even metal in furnishings such as hinges and plates; in the photo we highlight ハート金具 the
metal accessory in the shape of a heart
金 we have seen ha かね and かな as a Japanese reading kun and キン、コン、ゴン as a Chinese reading on
kintsugi is written 金継ぎ whose kanji mean gold (金) and
repair (継ぎ): literally fix with gold.
It is an ancient Japanese art and technique now also known in the West that allows you to recover broken or ruined objects using gold.