Kun readings 🇯🇵
On readings 🇨🇳
The kanji 水 which represents the water originates in its pictogram, that is, in the design that represents the element to which it refers. The pictograms are one of the first forms of writing and from their evolution the ideograms were born, in Japanese 漢字.
In the image we see a river, the idea that water expresses is that of continuous flowing.
Onsen and public baths in Japan
水 indicates water as a natural element and specifically refers to
hot water has its own specific kanji 湯: the water element appears in the radical 氵.
氵 this sign represents the water element 水 as a radical present in various kanji
Yu stands for heated water.
As you explore Japan you may find these structures on whose sign, often a tent (noren), there is the kana ゆ, that is the reading of 湯.
public toilets aimed at personal hygiene by paying an entrance fee. Depending on the location you can find
thermal water like onsen or regular water from the local water system.
- 銭湯 is another term for this type of public bathroom
thermal baths are internationally known by the original Japanese name onsen 温泉.
The word is made up of the two kanji:
温 is adjective 温い
hotand verb 温める
泉 is the
fountainand singularly the kanji is read いずみ
We also find this element in the days of the week, on
Wednesday 水曜日 and the planet dedicated to this element is 水星
Water and chemistry
If you find 水分 on the label of a food or drink, it refers to the
water content present.
As you can see in the label applied to a Japanese food product, we have the table 表 of the nutritional 栄養 components 成分 and the element that interests us connected to water, is the:
carbohydrate; 炭 is
水溶性 is the
water solubility, 溶ける is a verb which means to melt, dissolve and 性 indicates the
natureof a person and the characteristic of a thing
If we want to order
sparkling water at the bar or restaurant, ask for 炭酸水 or from the English
sparkling water スパークリングウォーター.
If instead we prefer
natural water we order 天然水 or ナチュラルミネラルウォーター from
natural mineral water.
- 水晶 the
Water and environment
In nature we find:
rainwater雨水 which can also be read あまみず
groundwaterfrom the soil 地下水
In Japan we have:
- the 琵琶湖 the beautiful
Lake Biwain the area of Kyoto, Shiga prefecture
- the マッジョーレ 湖
- グレートベア 湖
Great Bear Lake
Sea of Japan
アドリア 海 the
カリブ 海 the
Sea of Caraibi
Waterfalls and fountains
- 滝 the
waterfall; very interesting kanji, because it associates the water element with the mythological creature of the dragon 竜 which nin Japanese and Chinese tradition is connected to water.
The ideograms are splendid miniatures where each part has its own identity, a single meaning, but united they give life to the painting as a whole.
- 泉 the
fountain, in this kanji as you see the water element appears as we know it 水
Water in the kitchen and at the bar
Drain the water.
Heat the water.
water and salt
Those who love alcoholic beverages will experience and perhaps appreciate in Japan 水割り mizuwari which literally means cutting, mixing with water. It is a popular way of drinking alcohol in Japan; generally about two parts of cold water are mixed with one part of liqueur and ice.
In restaurants in Japan, 氷水,
water with ice (氷), is offered as a service.
Can I have a glass of water, please?
Sports and Hobbies
- 水泳 is the word that indicates
swimmingas a sporting activity; the second kanji represents the verb 泳ぐ
The word that translates the
swimsuit is 水着 and the second kanji represents the verb 着る,
Japanese surnames containing 水
Izumi, feminine name
Misaki, feminine name
Suiren, male name