Kun readings 🇯🇵
On readings 🇨🇳
The kanji derives from the pictogram that originally represented the solar disk and which in its evolution has taken its current form. Each word that contains 日 has to do with the day of the year on the calendar, and also with sunlight.
This ideogram has 4 画 traits and is also radical, meaning that it becomes a part within other kanji, like a keyword of the kanji itself.
明るい is an adjective which means
clear. As you can see the kanji 明 contains the element 日 "Sun, light"
日本 Nihon or Nippon is the term that indicates Japan: the Rising Sun, 本 in this case indicates the origin
The adjective "Japanese" derives directly from the Japanese name and pronunciation.
日曜日 Sunday, the day of the Sun
All terms indicating the day of the week contain the ideogram of day 日 at the end of the word:
曜日 indicates the day of the week.
誕生日 the birthday, the day (日) of the birth (誕生)
For the birthday there is also often the loan word from English "birthday", which is adapted to Japanese phonetics and becomes バースデイ.
時 is the ideogram that translates time, moment, hour, season and contains as radicals the element 日 day, say
日 is also counter, classifier or numeric suffix to count the days of the month:
the first of the month
Here above we see the kanji of the numbers. It's important to consider that Arabic numbers are widely used also in the Japanese language.
日 is also the kanji of the famous city of Nikkō: 日光市, "the city of sunlight”, in the mountainous region of Tochiji prefecture
生年月日 we need to fill in some documents where the date of birth is requested: 生 birth, 年 year, 月 month, 日 day.
日付 is the term instead that simply refers to the "date".
本日 indicates today, today's date. 翌日 the next day, the next day.
Other adverbs of time that contain 日:
the day before yesterday
元日 is the first day of the year, January 1st; 大晦日 instead indicates the last day of the year, December 31st
日 as a radical also in kanji 智 wisdom, reason and intelligence
A beautiful holiday in Japan is Nature Day which falls on the Golden Week period, the holiday week between late April and early May. 緑の日 the day of greenery which is celebrated in May.
お日様 is a beautiful term for the
Sun; the kanji 日 of sun / day is preceded by a prefix お and followed by a suffix 様, both honorific to emphasize the greatness and gratitude to the Star to whom we owe our Life
暇 free time, rest, relaxation contains the radical 日
Have a nice day!
Example of kunyomi readings 🇯🇵
The reading ひ (
hi) is the standard reading for the word
sun and all the expressions that contain these words:
number of days,
It is also used in words like 春日
morining sun, and 夕日
If you go outside the evening sun was already setting down.
The reading び (
bi) is used for the days of the week among other things:
Example of onyomi readings 🇨🇳
The reading にち (
nichi) is used for time frequencies (
all day long) and for some relative dates (
The reading じつ (
jitsu) is similar to にち. It is used for words about a time duration or to specify a relative date:
half day, and such.
Thank you so much for today.