木 - Meaning and history | Japanese Kanji
Kun readings 🇯🇵
On readings 🇨🇳
The kanji 木 has the meaning of
tree as a woody plant and also represents the material it produces:
The planet dedicated to the wood element is Jupiter and is written 木星 and the day of the week 木曜日 Thursday.
Ki is tree in English.
It is interesting to look at two other kanji formed using 木:
- 林 two trees we have the
- 森 three trees instead form the
These two terms are often interchangeable, sometimes we find 林 which is translated forest as in the case of:
- アマゾン 熱帯雨林: the
Amazonian tropical rainforestin Brazil
- トンガス 国有林
Tongass National Forestin Alaska
We find 木 as radical, the keyword of the kanji, in many types of trees such as:
- 杉 the
- 松 the
- 樺の木 the
- 檜 the
- 桜 の 木 the
- 庭木 the
- 植木 the
How to plant a tree.
- 植木屋 is the
- 根 is the
rootof the plant
If we want an object or product made of wood, the term is 木製
wooden, as an adjective: 製 indicates the manufacture, is also used to translate Made in ... as in 日本製, made in Japan.
- 木製の家具 a wooden piece of furniture
- 木製品 a wooden object
- 木製の玩具 a wooden toy
木材 is the noun for wood as a material.
Types of wood and characteristics
The name of the well-known commercial district and location of various Tokyo attractions 六本木 Roppongi, means 6trees:
- 六 the
- 本 the
numeral suffixfor long objects
The curious name given to the district according to tradition derives from the presence of six trees that marked the area and according to another version the name derives from six daimyo gentlemen who lived there and had a name containing the element 木.
There are other kanji to indicate the
- 樹 reads ki as 木
- 樹木 which reads jumoku
firewood is 薪, the kanji is read まき or たきぎ with the same meaning.
Someone may have wondered: what do you say
The Christmas tree is translated and transcribed in katakana クリスマスツリー, from the English Christmas tree.