この (kono) Meaning Japanese Grammar - This

Author GokuGoku for article 'この (kono) Meaning Japanese Grammar - This'


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この (kono) Meaning Japanese Grammar - This

この is a very common term in Japanese; it is an adjective and means this, these.

It belongs to the Kosoado series, the series of demonstratives that we are going to introduce in this post.

Let's look at この in particular, its characteristics and how it is used through sentences and examples of everyday use.

Kosoado: Demonstratives

The stems of the terms from which we form demonstratives in Japanese are:

  • KO refers to something that is close to the speaker and far from the listener: this, the one right here
  • SO refers to something that is far from the speaker and close to the listener: that
  • A instead refers to something that is far from both speaker and listener: the one over there
  • DO represents the interrogative which takes on a different translation depending on the question: Which one?

The stem is then joined with the suffix that creates the various forms and functions of the demonstrative.

Examples with こ:

  • こ + の: この: has the function of an adjective and is followed by a noun; この(いえ) This house
  • こ + れ: これ: has pronoun function and is followed by a particle; これをください Please give me this one
  • こ + こ: ここ: this series is translated as adverb of place, in Japanese it has a noun function and is followed by a particle: here; ここはローマだ We are in Rome

Characteristic of この:

この is used to indicate something that is close to the speaker, in physical, temporal, but also emotional terms.

この comes from the same family as これ and ここ, which also indicate something close to the speaker.

この is the adjectival form and is therefore followed by a noun as specifier, unlike これ which, as we have seen, is a pronoun.

この: physically close to the speaker


This book is old.


I bought this bag at a flea market.

この: close in terms of time

It is used in temporal expressions to indicate something near in the past, the present present and the near future.

1 この with the meaning of next (future):

この()(よう)():this Saturday that means (こん)(しゅう)()(よう)()


I'm going to see a movie with my friends this Monday.

2 この indicating something current, in progress (present):

この(とき)までには: by this time


This year is 2023.

3 この with the meaning of last (past):


I haven't caught cold these 5 years.

  • この2()(かん): these two days: it is implied the past two days.

Examples of この


How does this soup taste?


This movie is a horror movie.

Title of a Japanese manga and anime:

「In This Corner Of The World」
Manga written and illustrated by Fumiyo Kōno


「In this corner of the world」