この (kono) Meaning Japanese Grammar - This
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この is a very common term in Japanese; it is an adjective and means
It belongs to the Kosoado series, the series of demonstratives that we are going to introduce in this post.
Let's look at この in particular, its characteristics and how it is used through sentences and examples of everyday use.
The stems of the terms from which we form demonstratives in Japanese are:
- KO refers to something that is close to the speaker and far from the listener:
the one right here
- SO refers to something that is far from the speaker and close to the listener:
- A instead refers to something that is far from both speaker and listener:
the one over there
- DO represents the interrogative which takes on a different translation depending on the question:
The stem is then joined with the suffix that creates the various forms and functions of the demonstrative.
Examples with こ:
- こ + の: この: has the function of an adjective and is followed by a noun; この家
- こ + れ: これ: has pronoun function and is followed by a particle; これをください
Please give me this one
- こ + こ: ここ: this series is translated as adverb of place, in Japanese it has a noun function and is followed by a particle:
We are in Rome
Characteristic of この:
この is used to indicate something that is close to the speaker, in physical, temporal, but also emotional terms.
この comes from the same family as これ and ここ, which also indicate something close to the speaker.
この is the adjectival form and is therefore followed by a noun as specifier, unlike これ which, as we have seen, is a pronoun.
この: physically close to the speaker
This book is old.
I bought this bag at a flea market.
この: close in terms of time
It is used in temporal expressions to indicate something near in the past, the present present and the near future.
1 この with the meaning of
this Saturday that means 今週の土曜日
I'm going to see a movie with my friends this Monday.
2 この indicating something
in progress (present):
by this time
This year is 2023.
3 この with the meaning of
I haven't caught cold these 5 years.
these two days: it is implied the past two days.
Examples of この
How does this soup taste?
This movie is a horror movie.
Title of a Japanese manga and anime:
「In this corner of the world」
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