なければならない (nakereba naranai) is one of the forms used to translate the verb
must do and
have to do.
なければな (nakereba) is the negative conditional form of ない (nai), meaning
not to be,
not to exist. In its conditional form, its translation becomes
if there is not.
ならない (naranai), on the other hand, is the negative plain form of なる (naru) and is translated
Putting these two terms together with their translations we have:
なければならない: If it is not (like this) [なければな], then it does not become [ならない]
This grammatical structure contains a double negation. The overall meaning of the word なければならない translates as
Examples of なければならない
I have to return the book by tomorrow.
I have to study, because I have an exam next month.
I must work.
Or: Work has to be done.
Other forms for the verb "must"
- なければならない (nakereba naranai)
- なければいけない (nakereba ikenai)
- なくてはならない (nakutewa naranai)
- なくてはいけない (nakutewa ikenai)
- ないといけない (nai to ikenai)
Education must anticipate the future.
Literally: It is precisely the education that must move before the future.
なきゃ and なくちゃ
"Must, have to" in Japanese Manga and Anime
In colloquial language, in Japanese manga and anime, in the conversation among friends and family members, we find 2 informal and confidential expressions for the verb
must: なきゃ and なくちゃ.
We must hurry!
We have to go!
do) ⇨ Negative Base in あ or B1: やら ⇨ やら + なきゃ ⇨ やらなきゃ:
You have to do it properly!
Books and blogs from Internet:
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