にする (nisuru) Meaning Japanese Grammar - Choose on
Sandro MaglioneGet in touch with me
3 min reading time
The expression にする (
to choose or
to decide towards something in a certain way.
にする indicates a decision over which the speaker has direct control, and chooses himself in the specified situation.
In this post we learn more about meaning of にする, how it is formed, and when にする is used through real example sentences.
How にする is formed
The expression にする is composed of:
- Particle に: indicates "direction",
towards whatyou have control of choice
- する: Irregular verb meaning
にする follows the noun towards which we decide what to do:
As a gift for my mother's birthday I chose a purse.
How and when to use にする
As we have seen, にする is used to indicate a choice or decision about something over which we have direct control.
A typical example of using にする is when ordering at a restaurant:
I choose a steak.
This example sentence uses the expression にする applied to the noun ステーキ (
steak): this indicates that I (私) choose (or
とする and にする
It is also possible to use the particle と instead of に, to form the expression とする.
Unlike にする, とする indicates less direct or control over the decision: the speaker made a decision, but is less confident that it can be done or has less control over the outcome.
とする is used in more formal contexts than にする.
する and 決める
There is also the verb 決める in Japanese which means
to choose or
to decide. The verb 決める can in turn be preceded by the particle に to form the expression に決める.
The difference between する and 決める is that にする is usually used for simple choices, which don't have big long-term implications (like ordering at a restaurant).
I choose a Cola.
に決める instead is used when the decision is more important, such as a change of life, job, or similar.
I decided to quit my job.
Example sentences with にする
What did you decide?
I decided on this!
I choose this hair style.
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