The expression お～ください (
o-kudasai) represents the imperative form of くださる and means
please, combined with the verb that expresses the action of the request.
It is a form of Keigo honorific language to ask the interlocutor to perform a certain action or when it is recommended to do a certain thing.
In this post we learn more about the meaning of お～ください, how it is formed and when お～ください is used through real example sentences.
How お～ください is formed
"This form is widely used in Japanese and consists of:
- the honorific prefix お or ご
- the verb base: same form for Ichidan Verbs and B2 or Base in い for Godan verbs
- and the verb ください
Ichidan verb: 伝える
Depending on the context, お伝えください can be translated into different English phrases, such as:
- Please tell me
- Please inform me
- Please pass on the information
Godan verb: 聞く
"Depending on the situation, the translation of お聞き下さい can be either
Please listen or
How and when to use お～ください
'お～下さい' is an expression of Keigo, the honorific language, specifically the 尊敬語
Sonkeigo language of respect.
It is the imperative form of the verb 下さる and is commonly translated as
This form is typically used in formal contexts when addressing the owner or a superior in a company, customers in a commercial setting or elderly people.
In a previous post, we studied the use of 下さい for making polite requests preceded by a noun or the て form of a verb.
Example with the Godan verb 使う
make use of
Please feel free to use it.
Please wait for a little while.
The shopkeeper tells the customer: Please write down. Please wait.
Prefixes お and ご with the verb する
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Examples of お～ください
make an application
Visit us again, please.
お越しになる is a verb that you will often hear in formal conversations among Japanese people; it is the Keigo form of the verbs 来る
come and 行く
Please help yourself.
The previous expression is used on the occasion of a meal, especially when the meal is hosted by someone considered to be in a formal position.
It also has another meaning in line with the verb 上がる which means
⇨ Please go up.
お～ください can often be seen in signs displayed in various Japanese canteens, particularly in recent years.
Please cooperate by eating in silence. Please separate your conversation from your meal and refrain from talking without a mask.
We find in this sign the forms:
- ご協力ください: a polite request
asking for cooperation
- お控えください: an expression used to request someone to