お~ください (o-kudasai) Meaning Japanese Grammar - Please Do

Author Anna Baffa Volpe for article 'お~ください (o-kudasai) Meaning Japanese Grammar - Please Do'

Anna Baffa Volpe

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お~ください (o-kudasai) Meaning Japanese Grammar - Please Do

The expression お~ください (o-kudasai) represents the imperative form of くださる and means please, combined with the verb that expresses the action of the request.

It is a form of Keigo honorific language to ask the interlocutor to perform a certain action or when it is recommended to do a certain thing.

In this post we learn more about the meaning of お~ください, how it is formed and when お~ください is used through real example sentences.

How お~ください is formed

"This form is widely used in Japanese and consists of:

  • the honorific prefix or
  • the verb base: same form for Ichidan Verbs and B2 or Base in い for Godan verbs
  • and the verb ください
お-()+verb base+(くだ)さい

Ichidan verb: (つた)える transmit, report, communicate


Depending on the context, お伝えください can be translated into different English phrases, such as:

  • Please tell me
  • Please inform me
  • Please pass on the information

Godan verb: ()listen, ask


"Depending on the situation, the translation of お聞き下さい can be either Please listen or Please ask.

How and when to use お~ください

'お~(くだ)さい' is an expression of Keigo, the honorific language, specifically the (そん)(けい)() Sonkeigo language of respect.

It is the imperative form of the verb 下さる and is commonly translated as please do.

This form is typically used in formal contexts when addressing the owner or a superior in a company, customers in a commercial setting or elderly people.

In a previous post, we studied the use of 下さい for making polite requests preceded by a noun or the て form of a verb.

Example with the Godan verb 使(つか)use, make use of


Please feel free to use it.

Verb ()wait


Please wait for a little while.

店の人がお客様に: the shopkeeper towards the customer


The shopkeeper tells the customer: Please write down. Please wait.

Prefixes お and ご with the verb する


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Examples of お~ください

Verb (もう)()む: apply for, make an application


Please apply.


Visit us again, please.

()しになる is a verb that you will often hear in formal conversations among Japanese people; it is the Keigo form of the verbs ()come and ()go


Please help yourself.

The previous expression is used on the occasion of a meal, especially when the meal is hosted by someone considered to be in a formal position.

It also has another meaning in line with the verb ()がる which means go up:

⇨ Please go up.

お~ください can often be seen in signs displayed in various Japanese canteens, particularly in recent years.

Please cooperate by eating in silence. Please separate your conversation from your meal and refrain from talking without a mask.
(もく)(しょく): silent eating


Please cooperate by eating in silence. Please separate your conversation from your meal and refrain from talking without a mask.

We find in this sign the forms:

  • (きょう)(りょく)ください: a polite request asking for cooperation
  • (ひか)えください: an expression used to request someone to refrain from or avoid something

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