Is it better to do or not to do?
tahō ga ii) is used to indicate some action that it would be better if you do (or not do in its negative form with ない: ない方が良い).
We can translate the form as
you better do and in the negative
you better not do.
た方が良い indicates an advice to another person or what it would be better / appropriate to do given the circumstances in which you find yourself.
This form is formed with:
- For the affirmative form: Plain verb in the affirmative past tense + hō (ほ う) ga (が) ii (良 い) desu (です)
- For the negative form: Negative Plain verb in the present tense + hō (ほ う) ga (が) ii (良 い) desu (です)
It is better to go to sleep early.
It is better not to overdo with coffee.
Colloquial form of た方が良い
In the confidential or colloquial form the verb です (desu) is often omitted and the exclamation particles typical of conversation are also used.
Tomorrow you have the exam, better if you go to sleep early!
Excerpt from a blog online discussing professions to avoid for various reasons:
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