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たい (tai) Meaning Japanese Grammar - Want

Author Sandro Maglione for article 'たい (tai) Meaning Japanese Grammar - Want'

Sandro Maglione

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たい (tai) Meaning Japanese Grammar - Want

たい (tai) is an auxiliary verb (suffix) used in Japanese to express an action you want to do.

When a verb is conjugated with たい, the speaker states a desire to do the action expressed by the verb.

In this post we are going to see how to conjugate verbs with たい, how to use it, and what meaning it conveys, through real examples of its use.

How たい is formed in Japanese

たい is an auxiliary that is applied to a verb to add the meaning of want to.

An auxiliary verb is a verb used in combination with another one to give a particular meaning to the verb form

The auxiliary たい is added to the conjunctive form (れん)(よう)(けい) of the verb to which it is applied , the same used to conjugate the polite form:

Verb[Base]+たい

Let's see an example with the ichidan verb to eat ()べる:

()べる
()
()たい
ピザが
たべる ⇨ たべ + たい

I want to eat pizza.

Let's also see an example with the godan verb ()to go:

()
()
()
()たい

Conjugations of たい as an adjective

たい is conjugated like an い adjective to form the negative, the past, and other various verb forms:

Verb[Base]++くない
Verb[Base]++かった
Verb[Base]++かなかった
コーヒーを
のむ ⇨ のみ + たくない

I don't want to drink coffee.

The kanji of たい is ()

When to use たい in Japanese

Different expressions are used in Japanese to distinguish and indicate what you want from what others want.

You cannot express what others want with たい. In these cases, other expressions are used, such as たがる.

たい is used to state what you want, and cannot be used to mean what others want. In particular, たい is used:

  • When you want to express what you yourself want
  • To ask what someone else wants

Express what you yourself want

The most common use of たい is to indicate what you yourself want to do.

(かん)()(べん)(きょう)したい。

I want to study kanji.

今日(きょう)は、(はや)()たいです。

Today I want to go to sleep early.

Ask what others want

たい can also be used in questions to ask our interlocutor what he wants to do:

(なに)()べたい?

What do you want to eat?

パーティーへ()きたいですか?

Do you want to go to the party?

Particle が or を

たい can be used with both the が particle and the を particle.

The difference in meaning is that が indicates a more intense desire than を to do what is expressed by the verb.

It's also more natural to use が when the thing you want is specific:

(おん)(がく)()きたいです。

I want to listen to music.

In this example, the particle を is used, since music (おん)(がく) is a general concept.

If, on the other hand, we want to specify what kind of music, author, genre, then it is more natural to use the particle が:

トムさんの(きょく)()きたいです。

I want to listen to Tom's song.

たい and たいと思う

0:00.00

-1:0-1.00

(たまご)チャーハンを(つく)りたいと(おも)います!

I'm going to make Cantonese rice with eggs.

We have seen various examples using the suffix たい, which is generally used in a confidential context, between friends and family. If instead we add the copula だ in its です form, the expression is more polite: the translation is no longer I want but becomes I would like. An even more delicate and gentle way to express what you want is with the use of the verb (おも)to think:

Verb[たい]++(おも)います

We combine the form たい with the particle と and the verb to think (おも)う: the literal translation becomes: I want to prepare, so I think. This expression can also express a future: I will make Cantonese rice. It's a very simple and useful form to learn: just add to the たい form と思います, the polite form of と思う:

(りょく)(ちゃ)()みたいです。

I would like to drink some green tea.

(がん)(ちょう)っていきたいと(おも)います。

I'll do my best.

たくなる feel like doing something

It is common in the Japanese language to use the structure with the suffix たい joined to the verb なる to become. たい as with い adjectives takes the adverbial form たく and is joined to the verb.

It describes the gradualness in which the desire develops: feel like doing, I feel I want to, it makes me want to.

Example:

  • ()べたい: expresses the desire to eat, wanting to eat in the present moment
  • ()べたくなる: I see, for example, a delicious dish and I feel like eating; the desire grows gradually from the moment of speaking

Here is a comment on a cooking video tutorial:

It looks delicious. You're very skilled. It makes me want to eat it.
美味(おい)しそう: it looks delicious, it sounds good
美味 (おい)しそうですね。とても上手 (じょうず)

It looks delicious. You're very skilled. It makes me want to eat it.

From an article on the Internet discussing the basic characteristics a shop must have, so that customers return.

What are the 3 characteristics of a store that make you want to go back?
(いん)(しょう)(のこ)るポイント: key points that leave an impression

また()きたくなる(みせ)の3つの(とく)(ちょう)は?

What are the 3 characteristics of a store that make you want to go back?


Examples of たい

(かの)(じょ)()てもらいたくない。

I don't want her to come.

(とう)(きょう)()きたいですか。

Do you want to go to Tokyo?

(わたし)たちは(さん)(ぱく)したいです。

We want to stay for three nights.