ところだ (tokoro da) Meaning Japanese Grammar - Be About
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ところだ (tokoroda) is a term used to say that you are about to do something. Its meaning specifically changes depending on the conjugation applied to the verb preceding ところだ.
We have three possible conjugations for this term:
- るところだ (
dictioary form): indicates that
you are about to start doing.
- たところだ (
form in た, past tense): Indicates
you have just finished doingor
you have just done.
- ているところだ (
ている form): Indicates that
you are doing somethingright now .
Origin of ところだ
ところだ is derived from the term ところ (sometimes abbreviated to とここ).
situation. The literal translation can therefore be interpreted as
to be at this moment (だ is the copula in Japanese meaning
Let's look at an example sentence to understand how to use るところだ:
I'm about to talk to him.
This sentence uses the verb
to speak 話す in its basic form (dictionary form). In this case as we have seen the use of ところだ translates as
I am going to do.
The sentence uses the particle に to indicate towards whom
I am going to speak, i.e.
The full meaning of the sentence is thus that
I (subject implied, 私は) am about to go and talk to him (I haven't done it yet but I'm about to do it right now).
Also for たところだ let's see an example sentence to understand how it is used:
I've just finished eating.
The verb in the example is
finish eating 食べ終わる. The verb is conjugated in the form in ta (past tense), and becomes 食べ終わった.
For this reason, the meaning of ところだ becomes
I just finished doing.
Finally, we also see an example of how to use ているところだ:
I'm watching the film right now.
to see 見る is conjugated in the ている form, which becomes 見ている.
The meaning of ところだ is therefore
I am doing right now.
ところだ before, during and after
We can summarise the uses of ところだ through 3 terms:
直前 just before, immediately before
I am about to perform the action: use of the plain form in the present tense.
I'm just leaving the office now.
最中 in the middle of, in the course of
The action is in progress, I am performing the action: use of the ている form.
I'm doing my homework, I'll call you later.
直後 immediately following
The action has just ended: use of the plain form in the past tense.
I've just got off the train, so I'll be there in about 10 minutes.
Other examples of ところだ
I'm preparing dinner now, so please wait a little longer.
I am on my way there now.
What are you doing now?
I'm about to take a bath.
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