The expression 要するに (
you suru ni) means
in a word,
in short or
to sum it up.
In this post we learn more about the meaning of 要するに, how it is formed, and when 要するに is used through real example sentences.
We also analyze the similarities and the differences among 要するに, すなわち and つまり.
How 要するに is formed
The expression 要するに is generally used at the beginning of a sentence, but can also be found within it.
It is formed by:
- 要 indicating the
- the verb する meaning
- and the particle に
to put it simply,
要するに at the beginning of the sentence
In short, he was wrong.
In short, this is where the race takes place.
要するに within the sentence
In short, what you're trying to say is that you want money.
There may be many excuses, but in essence this is your responsibility.
How and when to use 要するに
要するに is used to summarize briefly the main points of what the speaker 話し手 or the interlocutor 聴き手 has said.
要するに is used in order to sum up and make clear the conclusion of the speech.
I don't see any newspaper or TV reports, but I know the content of most news. In other words, I get the informations from the Internet rather than from television or newspapers.
In short, what are you trying to say?
話の内容を確認する: checking whether we have understood the speech is a goal of 要するに, but beware of the advice that follows. From a video about the effective use of language:
This time, I'm going to tell you that people who have the habit of saying ``in a word'' or ``in short'' should be careful, as they may provoke antipathy.
At a colloquial level we can simply hear 要は instead of 要するに.
What is advised is to use this expression appropriately, e.g. it might be indelicate towards a superior 上司 who is talking about a matter; our summary expressed after 要するに might not match what our superior has actually said.
It may seem like a way of interrupting the speech or it may convey to the interlocutor that we are not really listening carefully and want to come to a conclusion 結論 soon.
Similarities and Differences among 要するに, すなわち and つまり
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Examples of 要するに
In short, it is not the method that educates the child. It is the person.
In short, Japanese people are shy.
I received a call from Mr. Yamada today saying that he is not feeling well. In short, Mr Yamada will be absent today.
In short, I want you to study.
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