どうして (Dou shite) Meaning Japanese Grammar - What
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The expression どうして (
dō shite) means
in what way?,
どうして is used in questions to ask for clarification or information about a certain situation. どうして is one of the translations of the word
why in Japanese.
In this post we learn more about the meaning of どうして, how it is formed, and when どうして is used through real example sentences.
How どうして is formed
This is an expression composed of:
- どう which is the interrogative adverb of the kosoado series and means
In what way?
- して is the verb
to doin the te form (て):
Synonym for どうして is どうやって with the verb やる, which like する means
How and when to use どうして
どうして is used to ask for the reasons, the motivations referred to an action, a fact, a situation.
Why didn't you come?
Why did you decide to leave home?
It is also used to ask the way, the manner in which an action is performed.
How did you know him?
Can express doubts and perplexities on causes and related to a fact.
Why are they so slow?
⇨ I wonder (annoyed) why they are so slow.
In situations where there is strong resistance and rejection towards something.
How can I keep quiet about this!
どうして also emphasizes a feeling or emotion towards a situation or circumstance.
There was a great turnout.
どうしても - Absolutely, anyway
どうして combined with the particle も forms an adverb widely used in the language and means
at any cost,
by any means,
in any way.
どうしても with the verb in the affirmative form
どうしても is often followed by the volitional form expressed by the suffix たい.
He wants to enter that university at any cost.
I really wanted to win the match.
There'll be some left over anyway.
どうしても with the verb in the negative form
Another meaning of どうしても is
in no way and is used with verbs in negative form.
I just couldn't find it.
⇨ In spite of all my efforts, despite having searched for it so much, I did not find it.
A book to read when you just can't forgive someone.
Other examples of どうして
Why did you decide to study abroad?
Why are you always late?
I don't understand why she ignored me.
Why didn't you tell me?
The verb in this sentence is 教える which means
to instruct. Among its various meanings there is also the one of
to say ,
A common word in sentences containing どうして is 疑問: doubt, uncertainty, questioning.
Why do I have to study?
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