The verb いらっしゃる (
go and is the honorific form of 居る, 来る and 行く.
It replaces these verbs in contexts where it is appropriate to use the Japanese honorific language: the Keigo.
It is also used in conjunction with the て form of another verb.
In this post we learn more about the meaning of いらっしゃる, how it is formed and when いらっしゃる is used through real example sentences.
How to form いらっしゃる
いらっしゃる is used in the sentence instead of the verbs:
Teacher, what time will you remain at school?
How and when to use いらっしゃる
いらっしゃる belongs to the 敬語, the Japanese honorific language, specifically to the 尊敬語: the language of respect that elevates and emphasises the status of our interlocutor.
It is never used in the first person and in the context of 内 uchi, the
inside or the
interior: our family members and close friends.
いらっしゃる is used in the sphere of 外 soto,
outside, that includes all people outside the intimate sphere: acquaintances, strangers towards whom it is appropriate to use a formal language.
When are you coming to Tokyo?
Plain form and Polite form
いらっしゃる is the dictionary form; the various conjugations of both the plain form and the polite form in ます are used:
- いらっしゃる / いらっしゃいます in the present affirmative
- いらっしゃらない / いらっしゃいません present negative
- いらっしゃった / いらっしゃいました past affirmative
- いらっしゃらなかった / いらっしゃいませんでした past negative
Today there are no customers.
Do you plan to visit New York again?
いらっしゃる is also used preceded by the て form and is the honorific form of ている, てある, ていく and です.
The copula だ the plain form, です the polite form and でいらっしゃる the honorific form.
Are you Mr Nakata?
The teacher is originally from Niigata.
- 住んでいらっしゃる in its informal version is 住んでいる
Where do you currently live?
You are still thinking about this matter.
Synonyms of いらっしゃる
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いらっしゃいませ derives from the honorific verb いらっしゃる that we are studying in this post and is commonly used by shopkeepers, restaurant staff and other public places as a form of greeting to welcome customers.
The shortened form of いらっしゃいませ is いらっしゃい and is considered less formal than いらっしゃいませ.
Example of いらっしゃる
Excuse me, is the president in?
The teacher came yesterday.
What time will you be at our company?