これ (kore) Meaning Japanese Grammar - This

Author GokuGoku for article 'これ (kore) Meaning Japanese Grammar - This'


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これ (kore) Meaning Japanese Grammar - This

これ (in kanji ()れ) is a very common term in Japanese. これ is a pronoun and means this, this one.

これ is used to indicate something that is close to the speaker, in physical, temporal, but also emotional terms.

これ belongs to the Kosoado series of Japanese demonstratives.

Characteristics of これ

この comes from the same family as この and ここ, which also indicate something close to the speaker.

Although it is translated as a pronoun, it is useful to think of これ as a noun, followed by the various particles.

Demonstratives in Japanese are called ()()() shijishi: ()() means indication, disposition and () indicates the part of speech and also the language and the word.

Physically close to the speaker - Example 1


This is a sweet.


This is a Japanese textbook.

Emotionally close to the speaker - Example 2


Health, this is important.


Become an announcer. This is my dream for the future.


This is a good idea.

Question - Example 3


What's this?


Is this true?


Is this possible?

これら plural of これ

The pronoun これ can be translated as plural; this depends on the expression used and the language into which we are translating the Japanese.

Actually これ is grammatically a singular and has a plural form which is これら.


These are my collectibles.

これ followed by various particles

As we said, これ is a pronoun and is therefore followed by particles. Let us see various examples with the different particles.


Be careful with this.


This is my opinion.


Until now, I knew nothing about this.

In this sentence we find これ as a pronoun followed by a particle and この as an adjective followed by a noun: このこと this thing, this fact.


What are you going to do now?

This is good enough.
いい adjective meaning good, OK, fine


This is good enough.

In the last two sentences we find the structure のだ (んだ) which emphasises the element preceding it: the verb する in the first sentence and the adjective いい in the second.