tahougaii (た方がいい) | Meaning and Examples [JLPT N5]

tahougaii (た方がいい) | Meaning and Examples [JLPT N5]
Is it better to do or not to do?

(ほう)() (tahō ga ii) is used to indicate some action that it would be better if you do (or not do in its negative form with ない: ない(ほう)()).

Verb[た]+(ほう)()+です
Verb[ない]+(ほう)()+です

We can translate the form as you better do and in the negative you better not do.

(ほう)()い indicates an advice to another person or what it would be better / appropriate to do given the circumstances in which you find yourself.

This form is formed with:

  • For the affirmative form: Plain verb in the affirmative past tense + hō (ほ う) ga (が) ii (良 い) desu (です)
  • For the negative form: Negative Plain verb in the present tense + hō (ほ う) ga (が) ii (良 い) desu (です)
it is better ... it is better not ...
た方が良いない方が良い
食べた方が良い食べない方が良い
it is better to eat it is better not eat
行った方が良い行かない方が良い
better to gobetter not to go
(はや)
()
(ほう)()いです。

It is better to go to sleep early.

コーヒー
()みすぎない
(ほう)()いです。

It is better not to overdo with coffee.

Colloquial form of た方が良い

In the confidential or colloquial form the verb です (desu) is often omitted and the exclamation particles typical of conversation are also used.

()(した)
テスト
あります
ので
(はや)
()
(ほう)()いよ!

Tomorrow you have the exam, better if you go to sleep early!

Keywords

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