そして (soshite) Meaning Japanese [JLPT N5]

Author Sandro Maglione for article 'そして (soshite) Meaning Japanese [JLPT N5]'

Sandro Maglione

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そして (soshite) Meaning Japanese [JLPT N5]

The term そして (soshite) is a conjunction in Japanese which means and, and after, and then, thus.

そして has a similar function to the て form: it is used to connect two sentences together and add information ((A) and / and then (B)). そして is similar to other expressions like それから, それに, その上.

In this post we learn more about the meaning of そして, how it is formed, and when そして is used through real example sentences.


How そして is formed

The conjunction そして is usually added at the beginning of the second sentence which connects to what was said in the previous sentence to add information:

Phrase++そして+Phrase

()る。そして()る。

To eat. And then to sleep.

そして originates from そうして, but in modern Japanese そうして is different because it can also be used as an adverb (that way), as opposed to そして.

How and when to use そして

In general we can say that そして has 2 main uses:

  • Indicate a time sequence of events (and, and after, and then)
  • Enumerate a list of actions or qualities

この(えい)()はつまらない。そして(なが)すぎる。

This movie is boring. And it's also too long.

In this first example we see そして used to connect two sentences about the characteristics of the film ((えい)()). In this context, そして translates as is, is also, furthermore.

今日(きょう)(とう)(きょう)()った。そして(とも)(だち)()った。

Today I went to Tokyo. And then I met my friends.

In this second example instead we see how そして is used to list a sequence of events or actions:

  1. I went to Tokyo first (()った)
  2. Then I met my friends (()った)

Real examples of そして

Let's see below an example of そして taken from the title of an article online:

soshite example
Example of そして from an online article, listing the topics that the page is going to explain.

In this example そして is used purely as a conjunction to mean and, and also.

0:00.00

-1:0-1.00

(ひる)()はパズルにダーツにおやつ、いたずらバレエそしてチェス。

In the morning a puzzle, darts, snack break, jokes, ballet and chess.

In this song (()(ゆう)への(とびら) to the door of freedom, from the movie Rapunzel ラプンツェル) are listed a series of activities done in the morning ((ひる)()). Before the last activity we note the use of そして. Here too そして is translated as and, and then.


Example sentences with そして

このドレスは(いろ)がいい、そして()(だん)(やす)いです。

The color of this dress is nice, plus it's cheap.

息子(むすこ)(あたま)はいい。そして、(きょう)(れつ)()(しん)がある。

My son is intelligent. What's more, he also has intense ambition.

(きょう)()(しょ)(むずか)しいです。そして、(かん)()(おぼ)えられません。

The textbook is difficult. That's why I can't remember the kanji.

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