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Grammar Expressions in the JLPT N4

Understand basic Japanese. Read passages on familiar daily topics written in basic vocabulary and kanji, listen conversations encountered in daily life

によってちがう

ni yotte chigau
JLPT N4

changes depending ondepending ondiffer depending on

何となく

nantonaku
JLPT N4

just becausesort ofsomehowI just thought sofor no special reason

たら

tara
JLPT N4

ifwhenin caseafter

かた

kata
JLPT N4

waymethod

はず

hazu
JLPT N4

should have beenI expect it to bethis isshould not have beenI don't expect it to have been

てみる

temiru
JLPT N4

try to dolet's try and see

あまり

amari
JLPT N4

so much thattoo muchin excessexcessivelyso much so

せる・させる

seru ・ saseru
JLPT N4

causative formallow to domake to doforce to do

できるだけ

dekiru dake
JLPT N4

as much as one canas much as possible

なるべく

narubeku
JLPT N4

as much as possibleas much as you canwherever practicable

みたい

mitai
JLPT N4

likesimilar tojust likeresemblesseemsseems like

しかない

shikanai
JLPT N4

nothing butonlythere is only

あげる/くれる

ageru / kureru
JLPT N4

giveto giveto receive

てあげる

te ageru
JLPT N4

do something for someonedo a favor for somebody

ところだ

tokoro da
JLPT N4

be about

ように

youni
JLPT N4

so thatsimilar toin order towishing forhoping forcommandin a way thatseems

ような

youna
JLPT N4

seemslooks likesimilar to

ようだ

youda
JLPT N4

seemssimilar toin a way that

のに

noni
JLPT N4

even ifin order toregardlessnonethelessdespite

とき

toki
JLPT N4

whenmomentperiodageat the time of

時ととき

toki and toki
JLPT N4

whenin the case ofin some caseshourmomenttimeperiod

やすい

yasui
JLPT N4

easy tolikely to

まず

mazu
JLPT N4

first

まずは

mazu wa
JLPT N4

firstfirst of all

そう

sou
JLPT N4

seemslooks likeappearsheard that

と思う

toomou
JLPT N4

I thinkthinkI believein my opinion

必要がある

hitsuyou ga aru
JLPT N4

needto be necessary

必要だ

Hitsuyou da
JLPT N4

needit is necessary

どうして

Dou shite
JLPT N4

whatwhyin what wayhow

どうしても

Dou shite mo
JLPT N4

at any costby any means necessaryno matter whatregardless of

だけでも

Dake demo
JLPT N4

even only

だけで

dake de
JLPT N4

just byjust withjust doing

がほしい

ga hoshii
JLPT N4

wantdesireneedwish forwould like

がたい

gatai
JLPT N4

difficult to

にくい

nikui
JLPT N4

difficult to

じゃないか

ja nai ka
JLPT N4

isn't it?right?

なら

nara
JLPT N4

ifin casewhenif that happensif you do

いらっしゃる

irassharu
JLPT N4

becomegostayremain

なければいけない

nakereba ikenai
JLPT N4

to be necessarymust dohave to doneed to do

ばあいは

baai wa
JLPT N4

in the event ofin the case thatif

かどうか

ka dou ka
JLPT N4

whether or notif or not

がする

ga suru
JLPT N4

feel liketaste likesmell likesensationgive off

ba
JLPT N4

ifif...then

がる

garu
JLPT N4

show signs oflooks likefeelingwantingacts like

でも

demo
JLPT N4

even ifbuthowevernonethelessno matter whatneverthelessalsoeven

また

mata
JLPT N4

againonce againmoreoverin additionfurthermore

より

yori
JLPT N4

more thanto be moreto have no choice butbe gladthere is no choice butrather than saying that

まま

mama
JLPT N4

as it is

ておく

teoku
JLPT N4

in advancefor laterallow to dodo not allow to dobeforehand

しまう

shimau
JLPT N4

do something by mistakedo something completelyunfortunatelytotally

らしい

rashii
JLPT N4

it seems thatapparentlyI heard thattypical ofappropriateit looks like

こと

koto
JLPT N4

the factthe fact ofthe thing thatthingnominalizationnounfact

どう

dou
JLPT N4

whathowin what way

それに

soreni
JLPT N4

in addition to that ...in additionbesidesto that thingto that

それで

sorede
JLPT N4

after whichso what?so?for thiswith thisand then?

それはそうと

sore wa sō to
JLPT N4

anywayto change the subjectby the waywell...

なさい

nasai
JLPT N4

orderyou must dodoplease docommand

れる・られる

reru ・ rareru
JLPT N4

passive formpassive

shi
JLPT N4

andthe reason isfor thisbutand also

ないで

naide
JLPT N4

without doingdon't dodon't do pleasedon't do for medon't do andrequest not to do

かもしれない

kamoshirenai
JLPT N4

maybeit's probablecould beprobablyI think